Mishmi Hills Dibang Valley District Arunachal Pradesh


The Mishmi Hills Dibang Valley District Arunachal Pradesh  is a southward extension of the Great Himalayan Mountain Range - its northern and eastern reaches touching China. Much of the Mishmi Hills falls under the Dibang Valley district of Arunachal Pradesh. The Dibang Valley district is named after the Dibang River - one of the key tributaries of the Brahmaputra River. The Dibang originates in China and flows through the length of the valley in a north-south direction. Other river systems that flow through the area include the Ithun , Ason , Chipu , Aba, Iphi, Sisiri, Datung, and the Deopani River. Snow-capped peaks, turbulent rivers, deep valleys, and abundance of rich flora & fauna are the main features of the district. The district is well known for its large cover of thick green forest, which clothes about 82% of the area. Anini is the headquarters of the Dibang Valley district in the state of Arunachal Pradesh in Northeast India. Anini was also the district headquarters of the undivided Dibang Valley district. It is a small underdeveloped town because of its remoteness
Mishmi Hills Dibang Valley Arunachal Pradesh
Flora and Fauna -Mishmi Hills
Mishmi Hills is situated in the Eastern Himalayan province, the richest bio-geographical province of the Himalayan zone and one of the Mega bio-diversity hotspots of the world. The complex hill system of varying elevations receives heavy rainfall, which can be as much as 4,500-5,000mm annually in the foothill areas. The pre-monsoon showers start from March and the monsoon is active till October. The humidity in the rainy season is often over 90%. This diversity of topographical and climatic conditions has favored  the growth of luxuriant forests which are home to myriad plant and animal form. Various plants species, species of mammals, birds, orchids, insects, butterflies can be found in this forest.The vegetation here can be classified into the following forest types: Tropical Evergreen, Tropical Semi-evergreen, Sub-Tropical Broad Leaved, Sub-Tropical Pine, Temperate Broad Leaved, Temperate Conifer, Sub-Alpine Woody Shrub, Alpine Meadow, Degraded, Bamboo, and Grasslands.

Mammals -Mishmi Hills
There is great mammal diversity in the area. Tiger, Common Leopard, Clouded Leopard, Snow Leopard, Golden Cat, Jungle Cat, Marbled Cat and the Leopard Cat represent just the cat family. The endangered Red Panda is found in the northern reaches and the Hoolock Gibbon is abundant. One of the most unusual ungulates found here is the Mishmi Takin. This animal occurs here in small herds at elevations. Other important mammals include Musk Deer, and the Himalayan Black Bear.

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